International Forum of Special Education and Child Development

特殊教育與兒童發展國際論壇  (ISSN 2709-5509) 

Targeted Response to Intervention Training with Charter School Teachers: 
Effects on Knowledge and Implementation

Katrina Hovey,  Pamela Peak,  Sarah Ferguson,  Joshua Wolf

Published February 11, 2021; pp. 12–21;  PDF download 

Enrollment in charter schools is increasing and teachers are tasked with supporting students using multi-tiered systems of support such as response to intervention (RtI). Research supports that teachers are concerned about their ability to implement RtI. Therefore, this -intervention study explored the effectiveness of targeted RtI training on charter school teachers’ knowledge and perceived confidence in implementing RtI. Although the effect size was small, the results indicate that targeted RtI training increased teacher knowledge and confidence in implementation of RtI. Results showed a statistically significant difference from pre-test survey to post-test survey in the beliefs that the RtI model is beneficial to students, that the RtI model can reduce student referrals to special education, administrator perspectives on RtI, and teacher confidence in using data to monitor student progress.

Volume 2, 2021

Screening for Social Determinants of Health: Environmental Screening Questionnaire

 Jane Squires,  Diane Bricker

Published November 12, 2020; pp. 1–11;  PDF download 

The landmark Study of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACES) underscores the critical importance of the timely identification of risk factors in children’s lives that may seriously impact their current and later health and wellbeing. These factors include experiencing abuse and neglect as well as living in extreme poverty. The development and use of a screening instrument that can reliably identify environmental risk and resilience factors in young children’s lives is an effective first step to eliminating or reducing the potential negative impact of such factors. The development and use of environmental screening measures that accurately identify situational factors that are known to have a deleterious effect on children’s health and welfare would make an important contribution. 
The Environmental Screening Questionnaire-Research Edition (ESQ-RE) is designed to address this important need by gathering information on factors known to adversely affect the welfare of young children. The ESQ-RE also obtains information that can assist in targeting family needs that might lead to the elimination or attenuation of ACES in children’s lives. Initial study on the ESQ-RE are promising. Preliminary evidence supports the validity of the measure. Further professionals working in the fields of human services and early childhood education report results to be helpful by: identifying family strengths and needs; making referrals for further services; and assisting in follow-up.


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